Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/journal/floram/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087-FLORAM-2021-0032
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Conservation of Nature

Seasonal Dynamics of the Phenology of Native Species from the Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest

Marlete Moreira Mendes Ivanov, Vynicius Barbosa de Oliveira, Ramon de Sousa Leite, Nicholyh Matsho Oliveira do Vale, Mauro Alessandro Karasinski, Gabriel Siqueira Tavares Fernandes

Downloads: 0
Views: 475

Abstract

Phenological processes are strongly affected by environmental conditions. In this study we investigate the phenological patterns of six tree/shrub species in three Caatinga fragments and analyze the influence of rainfall and air temperature on these processes. Circular statistics was used to analyze the vegetative and reproductive phenophases over 12 months (dry and rainy seasons) in the years 2016 to 2017 and 2018 to 2019. Spearman’s linear correlation test (r) was applied to verify the influence of meteorological variables of the two years of study on the phenological stages for each species. All species showed a seasonal pattern for vegetative phenophases. Reproductive phenophases were recorded in the two study periods only for one species. There was correlation of the phenophases only with rainfall, but not for all species. The amount of rainfall below the historical average indicates that precipitation is the most limiting factor for flowering in the evaluated species.

Keywords

Caatinga; air temperature; rainfall; phenophases; Rayleigh test

References

  • Agostinelli C, Lund U. R package ‘circular’: Circular Statistics (version 0.4-95). CA: Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca’Foscari University, Venice, Italy. UL: Department of Statistics, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, USA 2022.

  • Alvares CA, Stape JL, Sentelhas PC, Gonçalves JLM, Sparovek G. Köppen’s climate classification map for Brazil. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 2013; 22(6): 711-728. Doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2013/0507.
    » https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2013/0507

  • Amorim IL, Sampaio EVSB, Araujo EL. Fenologia de espécies lenhosas da caatinga do Seridó, RN. Revista Árvore 2009; 33(3): 491-499. Doi: 10.1590/S0100-67622009000300011.
    » https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622009000300011

  • Araújo VKR, Santos DM, Santos JMFF, Lima KA, Souza DNN, Araújo EL. Influência do status da floresta e da variação sazonal sobre o banco de sementes no semiárido brasileiro. Gaia Scientia 2014; 8(1):136 -149. Doi: 10.21707/GS.V8I1.19674.
    » https://doi.org/10.21707/GS.V8I1.19674

  • Baldisera RS, Dallacort R. Influência das variáveis climáticas - declinação solar, fotoperíodo e irradiação no topo da atmosfera, em regiões agricultáveis do Brasil. Revista De Ciências Agroambientais 2017; 15(2): 108-115. https://doi.org/10.5327/rcaa.v15i2.1964
    » https://doi.org/10.5327/rcaa.v15i2.1964

  • Bencke CSC, Morellato LPC. Estudo comparativo da fenologia de nove espécies arbóreas em três tipos de floresta atlântica no sudeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 2002; 25(2): 237-248. Doi: 10.1590/S0100-84042002000200012.
    » https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042002000200012

  • Biondi D, Leal L, Batista AC. Fenologia do florescimento frutificação de espécies nativas dos Campos. Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 2007; 29(3): 269-276.

  • Brito NDS, Medeiros MJS, Souza ES, Lima ALA. Drought response strategies for deciduous species in the semiarid Caatinga derived from the interdependence of anatomical, phenological and bio-hydraulic atributes. Flora 2022; 288:152009. Doi: 10.1016/j.flora.2022.152009.
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2022.152009

  • Castellani TT, Caus CA, Vieira S. Fenologia de uma comunidade de duna frontal no sul do Brasil. Acta Botânica Brasilica 1999; 13(1):99-114. Doi: 10.1590/S0102-33061999000100009
    » https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33061999000100009

  • Cecílio-Junior EP. A study on the chance in the lenght of the day during the year for each local latitude. Simposio Nacional de Educação em Astronomis, II, São Paulo, 2012.

  • Davis CC, Lyra GM, Park DS, Aspirino R, Maruyama R, Torquato D, et al. New directions in tropical phenology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 2022; Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2022.05.001
    » https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2022.05.001

  • Ding J, Nilsson O. Molecular regulation of phenology in trees - because the seasons they are a-changin’. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2016; 29:73-79. Doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2015.11.007
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2015.11.007

  • Dryflor KBR, Delgado-Salinas A, Dexter KG, Linares-Palomino R, Oliveira-Filho A, Prado D, et al. Plant diversity patterns in neotropical dry forests and their conservation implications. Science 2016; 353(6306):183-1387. Doi: 10.1126/science.aaf5080
    » https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf5080

  • Ferrera TS. Fenologia de espécies arbóreas nativas no jardim botânico da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria - RS [dissertation]. Rio Grande do Sul: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; 2012.

  • Figueiredo-Lima KV, Pereira S, Falcão HM, Arruda ECP, Albacete A, Lima Ala et al. 2018. Stomatal conductance and foliar phytohormones under water status changes in Annona leptopetala, a woody deciduous species in tropical dry forest. Flora 2018; 242: 1-7. Doi: 10.1016/j.flora.2018.02.010.
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2018.02.010

  • Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e estatística (IBGE). Biomas e sistema costeiro marinho do Brasil Compatível com a escala 1:250 000. Rio de Janeiro; 2019.

  • Instituto Nacional de Metereologia (INMET). BDMEP: Dados Históricos. 2019.

  • Ivanov MMM, Santos JS, Leite RS, Maria DMB, Karasinski MA. Dissimilaridade Florística entre Três Fitofisionomias de Caatinga. In: Jesus RL, editor. Ciências botânicas: Evolução e diversidade de plantas 2. 2ed. Ponta Grossa, Paraná: Atena Editora, 2022. https://doi.org/10.22533/at.ed.6362214023
    » https://doi.org/10.22533/at.ed.6362214023

  • Kassambara A. 2020. Ggpubr: ‘ggplot2’ Based Publication Ready Plots. R package version 0.4.0. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ggpubr Accessed 22 Out 2021.
    » https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ggpubr

  • Körner C, Basler D. Phenology under global warming. Science 2010; 327(5972):1461-1462. Doi: 10.1126/science.11864
    » https://doi.org/10.1126/science.11864

  • Kovach WL. Oriana for Windows. Kovach Computing Services 2004.

  • Leal IR, Silva JM, Tabarelli M, Lacher Jr TE. Mudando o curso da conservação da biodiversidade na Caatinga do Nordeste do Brasil. Megadiversidade 2005; 1(1):139-146.

  • Leite AVL, Machado IC. Reproductive biology of woody species in Caatinga, a dry forest of northeastern Brazil. Journal of Arid Environments 2010; 74(11):1374-1380. Doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.05.029.
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.05.029

  • Lemon J. Plotrix: a package in the red light district of R. R-News 2006; 6:8-12.

  • Lima ALA, Rodal MJN, Castro CC, Antonino ACD, Melo AL, Souza TG, Sampaio EVSB. Phenology of high- and low-density wood deciduous species responds differently to water supply in tropical semiarid regions. Journal of Arid Environments 2021; 193:104594. Doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2021.104594
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2021.104594

  • Lira JMS, Ferreira RA, Silva-Júnior CD, Santos-Neto EM, Santana WS. Análise de crescimento e trocas gasosas de plantas de Lonchocarpus sericeus (Poir) D.C. sob alagamento para uso na recuperação de matas ciliares. Ciência Florestal 2013; 23: 655-665. Doi: 10.5902/1980509812349.
    » https://doi.org/10.5902/1980509812349

  • Lorenzi H. Árvores brasileiras: manual de identificação e cultivo de plantas arbóreas nativas do Brasil. Editora Plantarum; 2009.

  • Machado ICS, Barros LM, Sampaio EVSB. Phenology of Caatinga species at Serra Talhada, PE, Northeastern Brazil. Biotropica 1997; 29(1):57-68. Doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.1997.tb00006.x.
    » https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.1997.tb00006.x

  • Marques TV, Mendes K, Mutti P, Silva L, Perez-Marin AM, Campos S, et al. Environmental and biophysical controls of evapotranspiration from seasonally dry tropical forests (Caatinga) in the Brazilian semiarid. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2020; 287:107957. Doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.107957
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.107957

  • Mendoza I, Peres CA, Morellato LPC. Continental-scale patterns and climatic drivers of fruiting phenology: A quantitative Neotropical review. Global and Planetary Change, v. 148, p. 227-241, 2017.

  • Morellato LPC, Alberti LF, Hudson IL. Applications of Circular Statistics in Plant Phenology: a Case Studies Approach. In I. L. Hudson 2010.

  • Morellato LPC. A pesquisa em fenologia na América do Sul, com ênfase no Brasil, e suas perspectivas atuais. In: Rego GM, Negrelle RB, Morellato LPC. Fenologia como ferramenta para conservação e manejo de recursos vegetais. Curitiba: EMBRAPA, 2007.

  • Neves SPS, Santos MGM, Vitoria AP, Rossato DR, Miranda Ld’AP, Funch LS. The roles of functional traits in canopy maintenance along a savanna/seasonally dry tropical forest gradient in northeastern Brazil. Flora 2022; 292(152090). Doi: 10.1016/j.flora.2022.152090
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2022.152090

  • Novaes LR, Calixto ES, Oliveira ML, Alves-de-Lima L, Almeida O. Torezan-Silingardi, HM. Environmental variables drive phenological events of anemocoric plants and enhance diaspore dispersal potential: A new wind-based approach. Science of the Total Environment 2020; 730, 139039.

  • Paloschi RA, Ramos DM, Ventura DJ, Souza R, Souza E, Morellato LPC et al. Environmental drivers of water use for caatinga woody plant species: combining remote sensing phenology and sap flow measurements. Remote Sensing 2021; 13(1):75. Doi: 10.3390/rs13010075.
    » https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13010075

  • Pereira MPS, Mendes KR, Justino F, Couto F, Silva AS, Silva DF, Malhado ACM. Brazilian Dry Forest (Caatinga) response to multiple ENSO: the role of Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Science of the Total Environment 2020; 705(135717). Doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135717
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135717

  • Pissato M. Fenologia reprodutiva de Prunus myrtifolia (L.) Urb. e Casearia sylvestris Sw em clima subtropical no sul do Brasil [dissertation]. Rio Grande do Sul, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; 2016.

  • R Core Team. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing [cited 2021 jan. 1]. Available from: Available from: https://www.R-project.org/
    » https://www.R-project.org/

  • Reflora. Salicaceae in Flora do Brasil 2020. [cited 2021 mar. 24]. Available from: Available from: http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB214
    » http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB214

  • Ribeiro EM, Lohbeck M, Santos BA, Arroyo‐Rodríguez V, Tabarelli M, Leal IR. Functional diversity and composition of Caatinga woody flora are negatively impacted by chronic anthropogenic disturbance. Journal of Ecology 2019; 107(5):2291-2302. Doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.13177.
    » https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13177

  • Silva EEM, Paixão VHF, Torquato JL, Lunardi DG, Lunardi VO. Fruiting phenology and consumption of zoochoric fruits by wild vertebrades in a seasonally dry tropical forest in the Brazilian Caatinga. Acta Oecologica 2020; 105(103553). Doi: 10.1016/j.actao.2020.103553.
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2020.103553

  • Song G, Wu S, Lee CK, Serbin SP, Wolfe BT, Ng MK, Wu J. Monitoring leaf phenology in moist tropical forests by applying a superpixel-based deep learning method to time-series images of tree canopies. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 2022; 183:19-33. Doi: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2021.10.023.
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2021.10.023

  • Souza DNN, Camacho RGV, Melo JIM, Rocha LNG, Silva NF. Estudo fenológico de espécies arbóreas nativas em uma unidade de conservação de caatinga no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Revista Biotemas 2014; 27:31-42. Doi: 10.5007/2175-7925.2014v27n2p31.
    » https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2014v27n2p31

  • Trovão DMBM, Fernandes PD, Andrade LA, Dantas-Neto J. Variações sazonais de aspectos fisiológicos de espécies da Caatinga. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola 2007; 11:307-311. Doi: 10.1590/S1415-43662007000300010.
    » https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662007000300010

  • Universidade Federal Rural Do Semiárido (UFERSA). Projeto Caatinga: Revivendo o Semiárido [cited 2021 jul. 22]. Available from: Available from: https://projetocaatinga.ufersa.edu.br/
    » https://projetocaatinga.ufersa.edu.br/

  • Vieira DD. Flora of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil: Boraginales. Phytotaxa 2018; 357(4):235-260. Doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.357.4.1.
    » https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.357.4.1

  • Vilela AA, Del Claro VTS, Torezan-Silingardi HM, Del-Claro K. Climate changes affecting biotic interactions, phenology, and reproductive success in a savanna community over a 10-year period. Arthropod-plant interactions 2018; 12(2):215-227.

  • Wu W, Sun Y, Xiao K, Xin Q. Development of a global annual land surface phenology dataset for 1982-2018 from the AVHRR data by implementing multiple phenology retrieving methods. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 2021; 103:0102487. Doi: 10.1016/j.jag.2021.102487.
    » https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2021.102487


Submitted date:
04/12/2022

Accepted date:
12/05/2022

63ca9ae3a9539518955c0a23 floram Articles

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections