Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087.085714
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Conservation of Nature

Macrofauna Edáfica como Indicadora em Revegetação com Leguminosas Arbóreas

Soil Macrofauna as Indicators in Tree Legume Revegetation

Bianchi, Miriam de Oliveira; Scoriza, Rafael Nogueira; Resende, Alexander Silva de; Campello, Eduardo Francia Carneiro; Correia, Maria Elizabeth Fernandes; Silva, Eliane Maria Ribeiro da

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Resumo

O trabalho foi desenvolvido em uma área de pasto abandonada revegetada com leguminosas arbóreas. Localizada no município de Valença, RJ, nela foram utilizadas diferentes proporções de leguminosas arbóreas fixadoras de nitrogênio: 0% (0L), 25% (25L), 50% (50L) e 75% (75L). Para avaliação da macrofauna do solo, as amostragens foram feitas nas épocas seca e úmida, utilizando-se o método TSBF. Outras amostragens foram realizadas, ainda, em uma floresta secundária (FS) e em duas áreas de pasto (PA e PB). O processo de revegetação aumentou a diversidade da fauna do solo de uma forma geral. Formicidae foi o grupo da macrofauna de maior abundância em todas as áreas, para as duas épocas de avaliação. Na época chuvosa, houve aumento considerável na quantidade de invertebrados na camada serapilheira nos tratamentos 0L, 25L, 50L, 75L e Floresta Secundária, o que no período seco aconteceu na camada 0-10 cm.

Palavras-chave

invertebrados do solo, indicadores biológicos, qualidade do solo.

Abstract

The study was conducted in an area of abandoned pasture located in the city of Valença (RJ)  revegetated with tree legumes. Different proportions of nitrogen-fixing leguminous trees were used: 0% (0L), 25% (25L), 50% (50L) and 75% (75L). For evaluation of soil biota, samplings were made in the end of the dry season and in the rainy season. Samples were collected in the abandoned pasture, in a secondary forest, and in two grassland areas (PA and PB). The process of reforestation has increased the overall diversity of soil fauna. Formicidae was the group that stood out, being abundant in all treatments and in the two periods of collection. During the rainy season, a considerable increase in the amount of invertebrates in the litter layer was observed in the treatments 0L, 25L, 50L, 75L and in the secondary forest, while during the dry season, such increase occurred in the 0-10 cm layer.

Keywords

soil invertebrates, biological indicators, soil quality.

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