Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087.043818
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Wood Science and Technology

Consumption and Characterization of Forestry Biomass Used in Tobacco Cure Process

Carline Andréa Welter; Jorge Antonio de Farias; Dimas Agostinho da Silva; Rafael da Silva Rech; Débora da Silva Teixeira; Cristiane Pedrazzi

Downloads: 0
Views: 42

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The tobacco production requires annually a large volume of firewood used in the cure process of tobacco leaves, representing up to 10% of its production cost. An alternative is the use of agroindustry residues, such as sawdust or pellets. The objective of this study was to analyze the consumption and to characterize forestry biomass used in the tobacco cure process in farmers from Candelária, Southern Brazil, aiming the culture energetic efficiency. Forestry biomass consumption, residues formation after combustion and biomass quality were verified. In terms of available energy, the consumption for each kilogram of dry tobacco was 77.23 MJ for firewood, 61.40 MJ for sawdust and 37.51 MJ for pellets. Pellets presented the best physicochemical characteristics for use as energy, as well as the lowest consumption and the lowest organic fraction present in combustion residues.

Keywords

bioenergy, tobacco production, energetic efficiency

References

Batista DC, Klitzke RJ, Rocha MP. Qualidade da secagem convencional conjunta da madeira de clones de três espécies de Eucalyptus sp. Ciência Florestal 2015; 25(3): 711-719. http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509819621.

Farias JA, Schneider PR, Biali LJ. Diagnóstico das florestas plantadas na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Pardo - RS. Ciência Florestal 2017; 27(1): 339-352. http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509826472.

Park KJB, Park KJ, Alonso LFT, Cornejo FEP, Dal Fabbro IM. Secagem: fundamentos e equações. Revista Brasileira de Produtos Agroindustriais 2014; 16(1): 93-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.15871/1517-8595/rbpa.v16n1p93-127.

Pereira JCD, Sturion JÁ, Higa AR, Higa RCV, Shimizu JY. Características da madeira de algumas espécies de eucalipto plantadas no Brasil. Colombo: Embrapa Florestas; 2000. 113 p. (Documentos; no. 38).

Quéno LMR, Souza ÁN, Ângelo H, Vale AT, Martins IS. Custo de produção das biomassas de eucalipto e capim-elefante para energia. Cerne 2011; 17(3): 417-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-77602011000300017.

Saad SA, Isa KM, Bahari R. Chemically modified sugarcane bagasse as a potentially low-cost biosorbent for dye removal. Desalination 2010; 264(1-2): 123-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.07.015.

Sater O, Souza ND, Oliveira EAG, Elias TF, Tavares R. Estudo comparativo da carbonização de resíduos agrícolas e florestais visando à substituição da lenha no processo de secagem de grãos de café. Revista Ceres 2011; 58(6): 717-722. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2011000600006.

Schoenhals M, Follador FAC, Silva C. Análise dos impactos da fumicultura sobre o meio ambiente, à saúde dos fumicultores e iniciativas de gestão ambiental na indústria do tabaco. Engenharia Ambiental 2009; 6(2): 16-37.

Siddiqui KM, Rajabu H. Energy efficiency in current tobacco-curing practice in Tanzania and its consequences. Energy 1996; 21(2): 141-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0360-5442(95)00090-9.

Wang XF, Xu GZ, Zhang BL, Jiao YZ, Lu HF, Li BM. Application of tobacco stems briquetting in tobacco flue-curing in rural area of China. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 2015; 8(6): 84-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.3965/j.ijabe.20150806.1842.
 

5d7fcebc0e8825706bbbebff floram Articles
Links & Downloads

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections