Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087.023818
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Conservation of Nature

Diaspore Abundance Promotes more Interaction with Ants in a Brazilian Atlantic Forest

Bianca Ferreira Silva; Igor Henrique Freitas Azevedo; Antonio Mayhé-Nunes; André Felippe Nunes-Freitas

Downloads: 0
Views: 146

Abstract

Abstract: The influence of Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer diaspore abundance on ants’ preference was studied in a secondary tropical forest area in Brazil. We offered seeds in stations with different abundances (one, two, five or 10 diaspores) for interactions with ants. The number of interactions and of ants were influenced by diaspore abundance during the observation period. Stations with 10 diaspores maintained a high number of interactions throughout the experiment. Incidence of seed cleaning differed among the four groups. Moreover, the number of interactions was positively related to the average percent of seeds cleaned. Diaspore abundance proved to be important for promoting more interactions with ants. Considering that the proportion of seeds cleaned increased with the number of interactions, further experiments should observe ant activity for a longer period. Furthermore, diaspore abundance should be considered in future studies of interactions with ants.

Keywords

ant-fruit interaction, seed abundance, foraging behavior, Guarea guidonia, Meliaceae

References

Baccaro FB, Feitosa RM, Fernández F, Fernandes IO, Izzo TJ, Souza JLP, Solar RRC. Guia para os gêneros de formigas do Brasil. 1st ed. Manaus: INPA; 2015.

Barroso A, Amor F, Cerdá X, Boulay RR. Dispersal of non- myrmecochorous plants by a “keystone disperser” ant in a Mediterranean habitat reveals asymmetric interdependence. Insectes Sociaux 2013; 60(1): 75-86. 10.1007/s00040-012-0268-0

Bottcher C, Oliveira PS. Consumption of lipid-rich seed arils improves larval development in a Neotropical primarily carnivorous ant Odontomachus chelifer (Ponerinae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 2014; 30(6): 621-624. 10.1017/S0266467414000479

Christianini AV, Mayhé-Nunes AJ, Oliveira PS. Exploitation of fallen diaspores by ants: are there ant-plant partner choices? Biotropica 2012; 44(3): 360-367. 10.2307/41496007

Conde MMS, Lima HRP, Peixoto AL. Aspectos florísticos e vegetacionais da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. In: Menezes LFT, Peixoto AL, Araújo DSD, editors. História natural da Marambaia. Seropédica: EDUR; 2005. p. 133-168.

Crist TO, MacMahon JA. Harvester ant foraging and shrub-steppe seeds: interactions of seeds resources and seed use. Ecology 1992; 73(5): 1768-1779. 10.2307/1940028

Denny AJ, Wright J, Grief B. Foraging efficiency in the wood ant, Formica rufa: is time of the essence in trail following? Animal Behaviour 2001; 62(1): 139-146. 10.1006/anbe.2001.1718

Farnese FS, Campos RB, Fonseca GA. Dispersão de diásporos não mirmecocóricos por formigas: influência do tipo e abundância do diásporo. Revista Árvore 2011; 35(1): 125-130. 10.1590/S0100- 67622011000100015

Flanagan TP, Letendre K, Burnside WR, Fricke GM, Moses ME. Quantifying the effect of colony size and food distribution on harvester ant foraging. PLoS One 2012; 7(7): e39427. 10.1371/ journal.pone.0039427

Howe HF, Smallwood J. Ecology of seed dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1982; 13: 221-228. 10.1146/annurev. es.13.110182.001221

Leal LC, Lima Neto MC, Oliveira AFM, Andersen AN, Leal IR. Myrmecochores can target high-quality disperser ants: variation in elaiosome traits and ant preferences for myrmecochorous Euphorbiaceae in Brazilian Caatinga. Oecologia 2014; 174(2): 493-500. 10.1007/s00442-013-2789-2

Lengyel S, Gove AD, Latimer AM, Majer JD, Dunn RR. Convergent evolution of seed dispersal by ants, and phylogeny and biogeography in flowering plants: a global survey. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 2010; 12(1): 43-55. 10.1016/j. ppees.2009.08.001

Lima HC, Oliveira EG, Silveira FAO. Interactions between ants and nonmyrmecochorous fruits in Miconia (Melastomataceae) in a Neotropical Savanna. Biotropica 2013; 45(2): 217-223. 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00910.x

MacArthur RH, MacArthur JW. On bird species diversity. Ecology 1961; 42(3): 594-598. 10.2307/1932254

Mattos CLV. Caracterização climática da Restinga da Marambaia. In: Menezes LFT, Peixoto AL, Araújo DSD, editors. História natural da Marambaia . Seropédica: EDUR; 2005. p. 55-66.

Melo AS, Hepp LU. Ferramentas estatísticas para análises de dados provenientes de biomonitoramento. Oecologia Brasiliensis 2008; 12(3): 463-486.

Pearce-Duvet JMC, Feener DH Jr. Resource discovery in ant communities: do food type and quantity matter? Ecological Entomology 2010; 35(5): 549-556. 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2010.01214.x

Pigot AL, Tobias JA, Jetz W. Energetic constraints on species coexistence in birds. PLoS Biology 2016; 14(3): e1002407. 10.1371/ journal.pbio.1002407

Pirk GI, Pasquo F, Casenave JL. Diet of two sympatric Pheidole spp. ants in the central Monte desert: implications for seed-granivore interactions. Insectes Sociaux 2009; 56(3): 277-283. 10.1007/s00040-009-0021-5

Pizo MA, Oliveira PS. Interactions between ants and seeds of a nonmyrmecochorous neotropical tree, Cabralea canjerana (Meliaceae), in the Atlantic forest of southeast Brazil. American Journal of Botany 1998; 85(5): 669-674. 10.2307/2446536

Pizo MA, Oliveira PS. The use of fruits and seeds by ants in the Atlantic forest of southeast Brazil. Biotropica 2000; 32(4b): 851-861. 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2000.tb00623.x

Pol RG, Casenave JL, Pirk GI. Influence of temporal fluctuations in seed abundance on the foraging behaviour of harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex spp.) in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Austral Ecology 2011; 36(3): 320-328. 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2010.02153.x

Radtke TM. Granivore seed-size preferences. Seed Science Research 2011; 21(2): 81-83. 10.1017/S0960258511000031

Santana FD, Cazetta E, Delabie JHC. Interactions between ants and non-myrmecochorous diaspores in a tropical wet forest in southern Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2013; 29(1): 71-80. 10.1017/S0266467412000715

Silva BF, Azevedo IHF, Mayhé-Nunes A, Breier TB, Nunes-Freitas AF. Ants promote germination of the tree Guarea guidonia by cleaning its seeds. Floresta e Ambiente 2019; 26(3): e20180151. 10.1590/2179-8087.015118

Wilby A, Shachak M. Harvester ant response to spatial and temporal heterogeneity in seed availability: pattern in the process of granivory. Oecologia 2000; 125(4): 495-503. 10.1007/s004420000478

Willot SJ, Compton SG, Incoll LD. Foraging, food selection and worker size in the seed harvesting ant Messor bouvieri. Oecologia 2000; 125(1): 35-44. 10.1007/PL00008889
 

5ef4dbe10e8825e24f126526 floram Articles
Links & Downloads

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections