Floresta e Ambiente
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Conservation of Nature

Influence of Fire on the Natural Regeneration of a Semideciduous Seasonal Rainforest Fragment

Bruna Paolinelli Reis; Katucia Sandra Zatelli; Fillipe Tamiozzo Pereira Torres; Sebastião Venâcio Martins

Downloads: 1
Views: 1178


ABSTRACT: The objective was to evaluate the influence of fire in a forest fragment through litter biomass analysis, regeneration of Cecropia sp., and canopy openness. Two treatments were established, one of them corresponding to an area affected by fire (T1) and the other not affected by fire (T2), both areas encompassing 0.3 ha of forest. Samples were collected in 20 different sites in each treatment, weighed and placed in an oven at 70 °C to constant weight. To quantify Cecropia sp. regeneration a census was performed in both areas. Hemispheric images collected at 5 different points in each area were used to analyze canopy openness. Data were analyzed through analysis of variance (ANOVA) and a significant difference between treatments was detected. The area affected by fire had higher canopy openness, greater amount of Cecropia sp., and lower litter biomass when compared with the area that was not affected by fire. This indicates that fire interfered with the structure and composition of the burned forest.


successional dynamics, forest fire, atlantic forest, litter, hemispherical photograph


Adámek M, Bobek P, Hadincová V, Wild J, Kopecký M. Forest fires within a temperate landscape: a decadal and millennial perspective from a sandstone region in Central Europe. Forest Ecology and Management 2015; 336(2015): 81-90.

Almeida BN. Avaliação do dossel de diferentes ambientes do Parque Ecológico Quedas do Rio Bonito após evento de fogo [dissertação]. Lavras: Universidade Federal de Lavras; 2016. 67 p.

Barlow J, Parry L, Gardner TA, Ferreira J, Aragão LEOC, Carmenta R et al. The critical importance of considering fire in REDD+ programs. Biological Conservation 2012; 154 (2012): 1-8.

Bowman DMJS, Balch JK, Artaxo P, Bond WJ, Carlson JM, Cochrane MA et al. Fire in the earth system. Science 2009; 324(5926): 481-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1163886. PMid:19390038.

Camargos VL, Martins SV, Ribeiro GA, Carmo FMS, Silva AF. Avaliação do impacto do fogo no estrato de regeneração em um trecho de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual em Viçosa, MG. Revista Árvore 2010; 34(6): 1055-1063. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622010000600011.

Camargos VL, Martins SV, Ribeiro GA, Carmo FMS, Silva AF. Influência do fogo no banco de sementes do solo em floresta estacional semidecidual. Revista Ciência Florestal 2013; 23(1): 19-28.

Costa TA, Soares VP, Ribeiro CAAS, Gleriani JM. Conflitos de uso da terra na microbacia do São Bartolomeu - Viçosa, MG. Floresta e Ambiente 2013; 20(3): 281-295.

Dalling JW. Ecologia de semillas. In: Guariguata MR, Kattan GH editores. Ecología y conservación de bosques neotropicales. Cartago: Ediciones LUR; 2002. p. 345-375.

Drobyshev I, Niklasson M, Linderholm HW. Forest fire activity in Sweden: climatic controls and geographical patterns in 20th century. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2012; 154-155: 174-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.11.002.

Ferreira AJD, Alegre SP, Coelho COA, Shakesby RA, Páscoa FM, Ferreira CSS et al. Strategies to prevent forest fires and techniques to reverse degradation processes in burned areas. Catena 2015; 128(2015): 224-237.

Frazer GW, Canham CD, Lertzman KP. Gap Light Analyzer (GLA), Version 2.0: Imaging software to extract canopy structure and gap light transmission indices from true-colour fisheye photographs, user’s manual and program documentation. Vol. 36. Burnaby: Simon Fraser University; Millbrook: Institute of Ecosystem Studies; 1999.

Freitas CL, Sant’Anna GL. Efeitos do fogo nos ecossistemas florestais. Revista da madeira 2004; 13: 106-112.

Gandolfi S. História natural de uma Floresta Estacional Semidecidual no município de Campinas (São Paulo, Brasil) [tese]. Campinas: Universidade Estadual de Campinas; 2000.

Gralewicz NJ, Nelson TA, Wulder MA. Factors influencing national scale wildfire susceptibility in Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 2012; 265(2012): 20-29.

Grombone-Guaratini MT, Rodrigues RR. Seed bank and seed rain in a seasonal semideciduous forest in south-eastern Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2002; 18(05): 759-774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467402002493.

Herawati H, Santoso H. Tropical forest susceptibility to and risk of fire under changing climate: A review of fire nature, policy and institutions in Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics 2011; 13(4): 227-233. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2011.02.006.

Hoffman CM, Linn R, Parsons R, Sieg C, Winterkamp J. Modeling spatial and temporal dynamics of wind flow and potential fire behavior following a mountain pine beetle outbreak in a lodgepole pine forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2015; 204(2015): 79-93.

Hudak AT, Fairbanks DHK, Brockett BH. Trends in fire patterns in a southern African savanna under alternative land use practices. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 2004;101(2004); 307-352.

Huesca M, Litago J, Palacios-Orueta A, Montes F, Sebastián-López A, Escribano P. Assessment of forest fire seasonality using MODIS fire potential: A time series approach. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2009; 149(11): 1946-1955. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.06.022.

Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia – INMET. Banco de dados meteorológicos para ensino e pesquisa [online]. Brasília; INMET; 2016 [cited 2016 Jun 18]. Available from: http://www.inmet.gov.br/projetos/rede/pesquisa/

Linn RR, Canfield JM, Cunningham P, Edminster C, Dupuy JL, Pimont F. Using periodic line fires to gain a new perspective on multi-dimensional aspects of forward fire spread. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2012; 157(2012): 60-76.

Lobova TA, Mori SA, Blanchard F, Peckham H, Charles-Dominique P. Cecropia as a food resource for bats in French Guiana and the significance of fruit structure in seed dispersal and longevity. American Journal of Botany 2003; 90(3): 388-403. http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/ajb.90.3.388. PMid:21659132.

Martins SV, Gleriani JM, Amaral CH, Ribeiro TM. Caracterização do dossel e do estrato de regeneração natural no sub-bosque e em clareiras de uma Floresta Estacional Semidecidual no Município de Viçosa, MG. Revista Árvore 2008; 32(4): 759-767. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622008000400018.

Martins SV, Rodrigues RR. Produção de serapilheira em clareiras de uma floresta estacional semidecídua no Município de Campinas, SP. Revista Brasileira de Botanica. Brazilian Journal of Botany 1999; 22(3): 405-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84041999000300009.

Mauro-Díaz G, Lencinas JD, Del Valle H. Introducción a la fotografía hemisférica en ciencias forestales. Madera y Bosques 2014; 20(1): 109-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.21829/myb.2014.201180.

Melo ACG, Miranda DLC, Durigan G. Cobertura de copas como indicador de desenvolvimento estrutural de reflorestamentos de restauração de matas ciliares no médio vale do Paranapanema, SP, Brasil. Revista Árvore 2007; 31(2): 321-328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622007000200015.

Miranda A No, Martins SV, Silva KA, Gleriani JM. Relações ecológicas entre estratos de uma área restaurada, com 40 anos, Viçosa-MG. Floresta e Ambiente 2012; 19(4): 393-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/floram.2012.050.

Molofsky J, Augspurger CK. The effect of litter on early seedling establishment in a tropical forest. Ecology 1992; 73(1): 68-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1938721.

Neto BPJ, Reis FGM, Reis GG, Silva FA, Cacau VF. Banco de sementes do solo de uma Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, em Viçosa, Minas Gerais. Ciência Florestal 2007; 17(4): 311-320. http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050981963.

Pezzatti GB, Zumbrunnen T, Bürgi M, Ambrosetti P, Conedera M. Fire regime shifts as a consequence of fire policy and socio-economic development: an analysis based on the change point approach. Forest Policy and Economics 2013; 29(2013): 7-18.

Reichert JM, Bervald CMP, Rodrigues MF, Kato OR, Reinert DJ. Mechanized land preparation in eastern Amazon in fire-freeforest-based fallow systems as alternatives to slash-and-burnpractices: Hydraulic and mechanical soil properties. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 2014; 192(2014): 47-60.

Silva VF, Oliveira AT Fo, Venturin N, Carvalho WAC, Gomes JBV. Impacto do fogo no componente arbóreo de uma floresta estacional semidecídua no município de Ibituruna, MG, Brasil. Revista. Acta Botanica Brasílica 2005; 19(4): 701-716. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062005000400005.

Souza FM, Gandolfi S, Rodrigues RR. Deciduousness influences the understory community in a Semideciduous Tropical Forest. Biotropica 2014; 46(5): 512-515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/btp.12137.

Souza VC, Lorenzi H. Botânica sistemática: guia ilustrado para identificação das famílias de Angiospermas da flora brasileira, baseado em APG II. Nova Odessa: Instituto Plantarum; 2005.

Vasconcelos SS, Fearnside PM, Graça PMLA, Nogueira EM, Oliveira LC, Fiqueiredo EO. Forest fires in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia: estimates of area and potential carbon emissions. Forest Ecology and Management 2013; 291(2013): 199-208.

Werneck MS, Pedralli G, Gieseke LF. Produção de serapilheira em três trechos de uma floresta semidecídua com diferentes graus de perturbação na Estação Ecológica do Tripuí, Ouro Preto, MG. Revista Brasileira de Botanica. Brazilian Journal of Botany 2001; 24(2): 195-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042001000200009.

Xaud HAM, Martins FSRV, Santos JR. Tropical forest degradation by mega-fires in the northern Brazilian Amazon. Forest Ecology and Management 2013; 294(2013): 97-106.

Zumbrunnen T, Pezzatti GB, Menéndez P, Bugmann H, Bürgi M, Conedera M. Weather and human impacts on forest fires: 100 years of fire history in two climatic regions of Switzerland. Forest Ecology and Management 2011; 261(2011): 2188-2199.

5b97f6ee0e88250f4788baca floram Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections