Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087.014818
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Silviculture

Morphological and Biochemical Responses of Poincianella Pyramidalis Seedlings Subjected to Water Restriction

Moadir de Sousa Leite; Salvador Barros Torres; Caio César Pereira Leal; Janete Rodrigues Matias; Washington Aparecido da Luz Brito; Gutierres Silva Medeiros Aquino

Downloads: 1
Views: 92

Abstract

Abstract: Catingueira (Poincianella pyramidalis Tul. L. P. Queiroz) is an endemic species of the Caatinga, with great economic potential. Research on the development of this species under conditions of water restriction, common in the Northeastern semi-arid region, is still scarce. This study evaluated the effects of water restriction on the morphological and biochemical characteristics of catingueira seedlings subjected to water restriction. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design, with five treatments and four replicates. The treatments consisted of periods of water restriction (0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 days without irrigation). The characters evaluated were shoot height, leaf diameter, number of leaves, leaf area, total dry mass, ratio between shoot height and dry mass, Dickson quality index, chlorophylls a and b content, total soluble sugars and free proline. Periods of water restriction longer than six days caused damage to the seedlings development, with reduced growth and quality.

Keywords

Fabaceae, water stress, catingueira, forest species, Caatinga

References

Alvarenga ICA, Queiroz GA, Honório ICG, Valadares RV, Martins ER. Prolina livre em alecrim-pimenta sob estresse hídrico antes da colheita. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais 2011; 13(spe.): 539-541. 10.1590/S1516-05722011000500006

Ashraf M, Akram NA, Al-Qurainy F, Foolad MR. Drought tolerance: roles of organic osmolytes, growth regulators, and mineral nutrients. Advances in Agronomy 2011; 111(1): 249-296. 10.1016/B978-0-12-387689-8.00002-3

Bates LS, Waldren RP, Teare I. Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant and Soil 1973; 39(1): 205-207. 10.1007/BF00018060

Binotto AF, Lúcio ADC, Lopes SJ. Correlations between growth variables and the Dickson quality index in forest seedlings. Cerne 2010; 16(4): 457-464. 10.1590/S0104-77602010000400005

Costa AS, Freire ALO, Bakke IA, Pereira FHF. Respostas fisiológicas e bioquímicas de plantas de aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão) ao déficit hídrico e posterior recuperação. Irriga 2015; 20(4): 705-717. 10.15809/irriga.2015v20n4p705

Dantas BF, Lopes AP, Silva FFS, Lúcio AA, Batista PF, Pires MMML, Aragão CA. Growth rates of catingueira seedlings submitted to different substrates and shading. Revista Árvore 2009; 33(3): 413-423. 10.1590/S0100-67622009000300003

Dickson A, Leaf AL, Hosner JF. Quality appraisal of white spruce and white pine seedling stock in nurseries. Forest Chronicle 1960; 36(1): 10-13. 10.5558/tfc36010-1

Dombroski JLD, Praxedes SC, Freitas RMO, Pontes FM. Water relations of Caatinga trees in the dry season. South African Journal of Botany 2011; 77(2): 430-434. 10.1016/j.sajb.2010.11.001

Fernandes ET, Cairo PAR, Novaes AB. Respostas fisiológicas de clones de eucalipto cultivados em casa de vegetação sob deficiência hídrica. Ciência Rural 2015; 45(1): 29-34. 10.1590/0103-8478cr20120152

Ferreira DF. Sisvar: a computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2011; 35(6): 1039-1042. 10.1590/S1413-70542011000600001

Gomes JM, Couto L, Leite HG, Xavier A, Garcia SLR. Crescimento de mudas de Eucalyptus grandis em diferentes tamanhos de tubetes e fertilização N-P-K. Revista Árvore 2003; 27(2): 113-127. 10.1590/S0100-67622003000200001

Gupta B, Huang B. Mechanism of salinity tolerance in plants: physiological, biochemical, and molecular characterization. International Journal of Genomics 2014; 2014: 701596. 10.1155/2014/701596

Lenhard NR, Scalon SPQ, Novelino JO. Crescimento inicial de mudas de pau ferro (Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul. var. leiostachya Benth.) sob diferentes regimes hídricos. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2010; 34(4): 870-877. 10.1590/S1413-70542010000400011

Moura MR, Lima RP, Farias SGG, Alves AR, Silva RB. Efeito do estresse hídrico e do cloreto de sódio na germinação de Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável 2011; 6(2): 230-235.

Nietsche S, Gonçalves VD, Pereira MCT, Santos FA, Abreu SC, Mota WF. Tamanho da semente e substratos na germinação e crescimento inicial de mudas de cagaiteira. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2004; 28(6): 1321-1325. 10.1590/S1413-70542004000600014

Nio SA, Cawthray GR, Wade LJ, Colmer TD. Pattern of solutes accumulation during leaf osmotic adjustment as related to duration of water deficit for wheat at the reproductive stage. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 2011; 49(10): 1126-1137. 10.1016/j.plaphy.2011.05.011

Oliveira MKT, Dombroski JLD, Medeiros RCA, Medeiros AS. Desenvolvimento inicial de Erythrina velutina sob restrição hídrica. Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira 2016; 36(88): 481-488. 10.4336/2016.pfb.36.88.1261

Santos ARF, Silva-Mann R, Ferreira RA. Restrição hídrica em sementes de jenipapo (Genipa americana L.). Revista Árvore 2011; 35(2): 213-220. 10.1590/S0100-67622011000200006

Scalon SPQ, Mussury RM, Euzébio VLM, Kodama FM, Kissmann C. Estresse hídrico no metabolismo e crescimento inicial de mudas de mutambo (Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.). Ciência Florestal 2011; 21(4): 655-662. 10.5902/198050984510

Silva EC, Nogueira RJMC, Vale FHA, Araújo FP, Pimenta MA. Stomatal changes induced by intermittent drought in four umbu tree genotypes. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 2009; 21(1): 33-42. 10.1590/S1677-04202009000100005

Silva EN, Ferreira-Silva SL, Viégas RA, Silveira JG. The role of organic and inorganic solutes in the osmotic adjustment of drought-stressed Jatropha curcas plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany 2010; 69(3): 279-285. 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2010.05.001

Silva RTL, Oliveira Neto CF, Barbosa RRN, Costa RCL, Conceição HEO. Resposta fisiológica de plantas de mamoeiro submetidas ao déficit hídrico. Nucleus 2012; 9(2): 113-120. 10.3738/1982.2278.779

Silveira JAG, Silva SLF, Silva EN, Viégas RA. Mecanismos biomoleculares envolvidos com a resistência ao estresse salino em plantas. In: Gheyi HR, Dias NS, Lacerda CF, editors. Manejo da salinidade na agricultura irrigada: estudos básicos e aplicados. Fortaleza: INCTSal; 2010. p. 181-197.

Souza MS, Alves SSV, Dombroski JLD, Freitas JDB, Aroucha EMM. Comparação de métodos de mensuração de área foliar para a cultura da melancia. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical 2012; 42(2): 241-245. 10.1590/S1983-40632012000200016

Taiz L, Zeiger E, Møller IM, Murphy A. Fisiologia e desenvolvimento vegetal. 6th ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed; 2017.

Virgens IO, Castro RD, Fernandez LG, Pelacani CR. Comportamento fisiológico de sementes de Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. All. (Anacardiaceae) submetidas a fatores abióticos. Ciência Florestal 2012; 22(4): 681-692. 10.5902/198050987550

Yemm EW, Willis AJ. The estimation of carbohydrates in plants extracts by anthrone. Biochemical Journal 1954; 57(3): 508-514. 10.1042/bj0570508

Zhang M, Chen Q, Shen S. Physiological responses of two Jerusalem artichoke cultivars to drought stress induced by polyethylene glycol. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 2011; 33(2): 313-318. 10.1007/s11738-010-0549-z
 


Submitted date:
03/27/2018

Accepted date:
11/24/2018

5f32de440e88257e3f03a4af floram Articles
Links & Downloads

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections