Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087-FLORAM-2021-0095
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Conservation of Nature

Structure, Biomass and Diversity of a Late-Successional Subtropical Atlantic Forest in Brazil

Laio Zimermann Oliveira, João Paulo de Maçaneiro, Daniel Augusto da Silva, Heitor Felippe Uller, Pedro Caldas de Britto, Jean Correia, Geferson Elias Piazza, Daisy Christiane Zambiazi, Alexander Christian Vibrans, Alfredo Celso Fantini

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Abstract

The highly biodiverse Atlantic Forest has been heavily exploited and its remnant areas, which are mostly composed of secondary forests, cover less than 20% of its original extension. This study analyzed the structure, aboveground biomass (AGB) and species diversity of a secondary evergreen rainforest in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Individuals with diameter at breast height ≥ 5 cm on 22 sample plots were measured, totalizing 3.49 hectares of sampled area. A mean AGB of 201.6 Mg ha-1 (standard deviation = 35.5) was found; Hyeronima alchorneoides and Miconia cinnamomifolia represented 29.1% and 7.6% of the community AGB ha-1, respectively. A total of 153 species distributed in 107 genera and 55 families was observed; it was estimated that 121 species (95% confidence interval: [117, 125]) occurred in one hectare. These results highlight the importance of secondary forests for biodiversity restoration/conservation and carbon sequestration.

Keywords

secondary forest; forest carbon; Mata Atlântica; hotspot

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Submitted date:
12/03/2021

Accepted date:
09/26/2022

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