Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087-FLORAM-2021-0091
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Silviculture

Organic Matter in Soils with Anthropic Horizons in The Eastern Amazon, Pará (Brazil)

Melania Merlo Ziviani, Iolanda Maria Soares Reis, Orlando Carlos Huertas Tavares, Eudocio Rafael Otavio Silva, Otavio Augusto Queiroz dos Santos, Luiz Alberto da Silva Rodrigues Pinto, Marcos Gervasio Pereira

Downloads: 0
Views: 96

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of chemical and physical fractions of soil organic matter (SOM) in anthropic horizons of soil profiles in the west of Pará. The highest total organic carbon values were observed in the superficial horizons, especially in the antrópico LAd and antrópico CHd (45.0g kg-1). Were observed predominance of recalcitrant organic material. It appears that most of the C found in the SOM fractions is associated with C stabilization mechanisms such as the recalcitrance provided by the presence of pyrogenic coal, in addition to its ability to present carboxylic groups that increase its interaction with the mineral fraction of the soil, characterizing the mechanism of chemical protection. It is observed that the SOM fractions can function as indicators that contribute to better understanding of the soil carbon dynamics in soils with antrópico horizons.

Keywords

total organic carbon, physical fractionation of SOM, chemical fractionation of SOM, anthropic horizons

References

  • Almada AP, Pinheiro Junior CR, Pereira MG, Reis IMS, Sousa MA, Pinto LASR, Santos OAQ. Caracterização e classificação de solos no Bioma amazônico no oeste do estado do Pará 2021, 16(1): e8458.

  • Barros KRM, Lima HV, Canellas LP, Kern DC. Fracionamento químico da matéria orgânica e caracterização física de Terra Preta de Índio. Revista Ciência Agrária 2012; 55(1): 44-51.

  • Beaudette DE, Roudier P, O’geen AT. Algorithms for quantitative pedology: a toolkit for soil scientists. Computers and Geosciences 2013; 2:258-268.

  • Benites VM, Madari B, Machado PLOA. Extração e fracionamento quantitativo de substâncias húmicas do solo: um procedimento simplificado de baixo custo. Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos, 2003.

  • Bernades KC, Ruivo MLP, Pedroso AJS, Rodrigues PG, Okumura RS. Chemical attributes of archaeological black earth soils in Brazilian Amazon. Australian Journal of Crop Science 2017;11(10): 1334-1338.

  • Cambardella CA, Elliott ET. Methods for physical separation and characterization of soil organic matter fractions. Geoderma 1992;56:449-457.

  • Campos MCC, Ribeiro MR, Souza Junior VS, Ribeiro Filho MR, Souza RVCC, Almeida MC. Caracterização e classificação de terras pretas arqueológicas na região do Médio Rio Madeira. Bragantia 2011; 70(3):598-609.

  • Chagas LFB, Falcão NPS, Padilha FJ, Oliveira DM, Guimarães RS, Campos DVB et al. Avaliação do Impacto do Cultivo de Citros sobre os Estoques de Carbono e Nitrogênio das Frações Leves da Matéria Orgânica de Solos Antrópicos (Terras Pretas de Índio) e Solos Adjacentes (Latossolos) da Amazônia Central. Revista Virtual de Química 2017; 5(1):2067-2081.

  • Culman SW, Freeman M, Snapp SS. Procedure for the determination of permanganate oxidizable carbon. Hickory Corners MI: Kellogg Biological Station. MI 2012.. filter.kbs.msu.edu/protocols/133.

  • Cunha TJF, Madari BE, Benites VM, Canellas LP, Novotny EH, Moutta RO et al. Fracionamento químico da matéria orgânica e características de ácidos húmicos de solos com horizonte a antrópico da Amazônia (Terra Preta). Acta Amazonica 2007; 37:91-98.

  • Cunha TJF, Madari BE, Canelas LP, Ribeiro LP, Benites VM, Santos GA. Soil organic matter and fertility of anthropogenic dark earths (Terra Preta de Índio) in the Brazilian Amazon basin. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 2009; 33:85-93.

  • Fraser JA, Clement CR. Dark Earths and manioc cultivation in Central Amazonia: a window on pre-Columbian agricultural systems. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas 2008, 3(2):175-194.

  • Fraser J, Teixeira W, Falcão N, Woods W, Lehmann J, Junqueira AB. Anthropogenic soils in the Central Amazon: From categories to a continuum. Area 2011; 43(3):264-273.

  • Glaser B, Balashov E, Haumaier L, Guggenberger G, Zech W. Black carbon in density fractions of anthropogenic soils of the Brazilian Amazon region. Organic Geochemistry 2000;31(7-8): 669-678.

  • Glaser B, Haumaier L, Guggenberger G, Zech W. The ‘Terra Preta’ phenomenon: a model for sustainable agriculture in the humid tropics. Naturwissenschaften 2001,88(1): 37-41.

  • IUSS Working Group WRB. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015 International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106; 2015, Rome.

  • Jenny H. Factors of soil formation: a system of quantitative pedology. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1941.

  • Lehmann J, Silva Junior JP, Steiner C, Nehls T, Zech W, Glaser B. Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil 2003; 249:343-357.

  • Liang B, Lehmann J, Sohi SP, Thies JE, O’neill B, Trujillo L et al.. Black carbon affects the cycling of non-black carbon in soil. Organic Geochemistry 2010; 41(2):206- 213.

  • Liang B, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Kinyangi J, Grossman J. O’neill B. et al. 2006. Black Carbon Increases Cation Exchange Capacity in Soils. Soil Science Society of America 2006;70 (5):1719-1730.

  • Lima HN, Schaefer CER, Mello JWV, Gilkes RJ, Ker JC. 2002. Pedogenesis and pre-Colombian land use of “Terra Preta Anthrosols” (“Indian black earth”) of Western Amazonia. Geoderma 2002; 110(1-2):1-17.

  • Madari BE, Cunha TJF, Novotny EH, Milori DMBP, Martin Neto L, Benites Vme et al. Matéria Orgânica dos Solos Antrópicos da Amazônia (Terra Preta de Índio): suas características e papel na sustentabilidade da fertilidade do solo. In: Teixeira WG, Kern DC, Madari BE, Lima HN, Woods W, editors. As terras pretas de índio da Amazônia: sua caracterização e uso deste conhecimento na criação de novas áreas. Manaus: 2009.

  • Mao JD, Johnson RL, Lehmann J, Olk DC, Neves EG.; Thompson ML et al. Abundant and stable char residues in soils: Implications for soil fertility and carbon sequestration. Environmental Science and Technology 2012; 46(17):9571-9576.

  • Neves EG, Petersen JB, Bartone RN, Heckenberger MJ. The Timing of Terra Preta Formation in the Central Amazon: Archaeological Data from Three Sites. In: Glaser B, Woods WI, editors. Amazonian Dark Earths: Explorations in space and time. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2004.

  • Novotny EH, Hayes MHB, Madari BE, Bonagamba TJ, Azevedo ER, Souza AA. et al. Lessons from the Terra Preta de Índios of the Amazon Region for the utilization of charcoal for soil amendment. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 2009; 20 (6): 1003-1010.

  • Santos HG, Jacomine PKT, Anjos LHC, Oliveira VA, Lumbreras JF, Coelho MR. et al. Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos. 5 ed. Embrapa: Brasília; 2018.

  • Schellekens J, Almeida-Santos T, Macedo RS, Buurman P, Kuyper TW, Vidal-Torrado P. Molecular composition of several soil organic matter fractions from anthropogenic black soils (Terra Preta de Índio) in Amazonia - A pyrolysis-GC/MS study. Geoderma 2017; 288:154-165.

  • Sollins P, Homann P, Caldwell BA. Stabilization and destabilization of soil organic matter: Mechanisms and controls. Geoderma 1996, 74:65-105.

  • Sousa MA, Reis IMS, Almada AP, Rossi CQ, Pereira MG, Pinto LASR et al. Atributos químicos e frações da matéria orgânica em solos antrópicos na Amazônia Oriental. Brazilian Journal of Development, 2020; 6(5): 29623-29643.

  • Sousa RO, Vah LC, Otero XL. Química dos solos alagados. In: Melo, FM, Alleoni LRF. Química e Mineralogia do Solo: Conceitos básicos e aplicações. Viçosa, MG. 2019.

  • Tedesco MJ, Gianello C, Bissan CA, Bohnen H, Volkweiss SJ. Análises de solo, plantas e outros materiais. Porto Alegre: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2 ed. 1995.

  • Teixeira PC, Donagema GK, Fontana A, Teixeira WG. (Org.). Manual de métodos de análise de solos. 3.ed. Brasília: Embrapa. 2017

  • Teixeira WG, Kern DC, Madari BE, Lima HN, Woods W. As terras pretas de índio da Amazônia: sua caracterização e uso deste conhecimento na criação de novas áreas. Manaus: Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental. 2009.


Submitted date:
11/14/2021

Accepted date:
02/01/2022

62165403a953957e4877f726 floram Articles

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections