Floresta e Ambiente
https://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087-FLORAM-2021-0054
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Silviculture

Morphophysiological Evaluation of Schizolobium Parahyba Var. Amazonicum and Eucalyptus urograndis Growing in Different Levels of Shading

Hygor Gomes de Almeida Sousa, Igor Viana Souza, Bruno Aurélio Campos Aguiar, Gabriella Rayssa Antunes da Silva Oliveira, Flávia Bezerra Souza, Maristela Lima Figueiredo Guimarães Epifânio, Valéria Cardoso Lopes, Priscila Bezerra Souza

Downloads: 0
Views: 111

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the best shade level for the growth of Schizolobium parabyba var. amazonicum and Eucalyptus urograndis seedlings to obtain more resilient seedlings with higher quality. We used an entirely randomized design was used, in a 2 x 4-factor scheme, with two species and four levels of shading, comprising 5 repetitions and 6 plants per repetition, totaling 30 plants per treatment. The four shading levels were characterized as follows: T1 (full sun), T2 (50%-shading screen), T3 (plastic), T4 (50%-shading screen plus wool blanket). For the production of Eucalyptus urograndis seedlings, it is recommended an unshaded environment, since one variable showed a significant difference. For the Schizolobium parahyba var. amazonicum species, it is suggested to produce it under shade, where is was achived (50% together with the wool blanket), better results for the most variables.

Keywords

Environment; Growth; Forest-planted; Primary material

References

  • Albuquerque MPF, Moraes FKC, Santos RIN, Castro GLS, Ramos EMLS, Pinheiro HA. Ecophysiology of young African mahogany plants submitted to water deficit and rehydration. Brazilian Agricultural Research 2013; 48(1): 9-16.

  • Albuquerque TCS, Evangelista TC, NETO AARA. Shading levels in the growth of Brazil nut seedlings. Revista Agro @ mbiente On-line 2015; 9(4): 440-445.

  • Bentec. Seeds, Inputs and Technology. [Accessed on June 16, 2020]. Available from: Available from: http://www.bentecsementes.com.br/eucalipto-urograndis/
    » http://www.bentecsementes.com.br/eucalipto-urograndis/

  • Benincasa MMP. Plant growth analysis (basics). two. ed. Jaboticabal: FUNEP; 2003.

  • Brazilian Tree Industry. IBÁ: Statistical Yearbook of IBÁ 2019 - base year 2018. Brasília; 2019.

  • Butzke AG, Miranda EM, Neto RCA, Bianchini F, Fiuza SS. Production of Paricá seedlings (Schizolobium amazonicum Huber ex Ducke) in different types of substrates, containers and shading levels in Rio Branco, Acre. Biosphere Encyclopedia 2018; 15(27): 254-263.

  • Câmara CA, Endres L. Development of seedlings of two tree species Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth. and Sterculia foetida L. under different levels of shade in nursery. Floresta 2008; 38(1): 43-51.

  • Cardoso RC, Alcântara AL, Souza FM, Espinheira MJCL. Antimicrobial Potential of Eucalyptus urograndis Leaf Oil Front Stafilococus aureus. Id on Line. Multidisciplinary and Psychology Journal 2019; 13(43): 989-1002.

  • Caron BO, Souza VQ, Cantarelli EB, Manfron PA, Behling A, Eloy E. Seedling growth of Schizolobium parahyba (Vell.) S. F. Blake, submitted to shade levels. Ciência Florestal 2010; 20(4): 683-689.

  • Dickson A, Leaf AL, Hosner JF. Quality appraisal of white spruce and white pine seedling stock in nurseries. The Forestry Chronicle 1960; 36(1): 10-13.

  • Favareto VF, Martinez CA, Soriani HH, Furriel RPM. Differential responses of antioxidant enzymes in pioneer and late-successional tropical tree species grown under sun and shade conditions. Environmental and Experimental Botany 2011; 70(1): 20-28.

  • Fonseca MDS. Gas exchanges and initial growth of eucalyptus clones under different thermal and water conditions [thesis]. Jerônimo Monteiro: Graduate Program in Forest Sciences at the Center for Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Federal University of Espirito Santo; 2019.

  • Guerra AMNM, Costa ACM, Tavares PRF. Photosynthetic activity and yield of lettuce grown under shade. Revista Agropecuária Técnica 2017; 38(3): 125-132.

  • Guimarães SO. Growth of Schizolobium amazonicum (Huber ex Ducke) under different conditions of shading and atmospheric demand [Dissertation]. Jerônimo Monteiro: Federal University of Espirito Santo; 2015.

  • Lima ALS, Zanella F, Castro LDM. Growth of Hymenaea courbaril L. var. stilbocarpa (Hayne) Lee et Lang. and Enterolobium contortisiliquum (Vell.) Morong (Leguminosae) under different levels of shading. Amazonian Act 2010; 40(1): 43-48.

  • Malagi J. Development of Eucalyptus Urograndis planted after using different soil acidity correctives [Completion of course work]. Dois Vizinhos: Federal Technological University of Paraná; 2015.

  • Moraes Neto SP, Gonçalves JLM, Takaki M, Cenci S, Gonçalves JC. Growth of seedlings of some tree species that occur in the Atlantic Forest, depending on the level of light. Revista Árvore 2000; 24(1): 35-45.

  • Portela FCS. Influence of luminosity on the physiology and morphology of Jequitibá-branco (Cariniana strellensis (Raddi.) Kuntze) and Jequitibá-rosa (Cariniana legalis (Mart) Kuntze) [Dissertation]. Vitória: Federal University of Espirito Santo; 2012.

  • R Core Team (2019). A language and environment for statistical computing [ Accessed on July 14, 2020]. Available from: Available from: http://www.R-project.org/
    » http://www.R-project.org/

  • Saraiva GR, Souza GM, Rodrigues JD. Acclimation and physiology of guanandi seedlings grown in photo-protective shading screens. Colloquium Agrariae 2014; 10(2): 01-10.

  • Schizolobium in Flora do Brasil 2020. [Accessed on sep, 2020]. Available from: Available from: http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB23142
    » http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB23142

  • Siebeneichler SC, Barbosa JS, Cruz AMM, Ramos MAD, Fernandes HE, Nascimento VL. Comparison between extraction methods of photosynthetic pigments in Acacia mangium. Communications in Plant Sciences 2019; 9(1): 1-5.

  • Silva VF. Cultivation of lettuce in different spacing under high temperature and brightness [Dissertation]. Mossoró: Federal Rural University of the Semi-Arid; 1998.

  • Taiz L, Zeiger E. Plant physiology. 4rd ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed; 2010.

  • Trisoft. [Accessed on Nov, 2020]. Available from: Available from: https://www.aecweb.com.br/cls/catalogos/trisoft/catalogo_ isosoft.pdf
    » https://www.aecweb.com.br/cls/catalogos/trisoft/catalogo_ isosoft.pdf

  • Viana JS, Gonçalves EP, Andrade LA, Oliveira LSB, Silva EO. Seedling growth of Bauhinia forficata Link. in different container sizes. Floresta 2008; 38(4): 663-671.

  • Vidaurre GB, Carneiro ACO, Vital BR, Santos RC, Valle MLA. Energetic properties of wood and paricá coal (Schizolobium amazonicum). Revista Árvore, Viçosa 2012; 36(2): 365-371.

  • Xavier G.S. Influence of heat treatments on two mechanical properties of Pinus sp. and Eucalyptus urograndis. [Completion of course work]. Brasília: University of Brasília; 2013.

  • Yang Z, Sinclair TR, Messina CD, Cooper M, Hammer GL, Zhu M. Temperature effect on transpiration response of maize plants to vapor pressure deficit. Environmental and Experimental Botany 2012; 78(1) 157-162.


Submitted date:
06/29/2021

Accepted date:
01/03/2022

620d0efca953957cf107fef6 floram Articles

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections