Floresta e Ambiente
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Wood Science and Technology

Does the Addition of Cotton Wastes Affect the Properties of Particleboards?

Mário Vanoli Scatolino; Thiago de Paula Protásio; Valéria Maria Souza; Camila Laís Farrapo; José Benedito Guimarães Junior; Déborah Soratto; Rafael Farinassi Mendes; Lourival Marin Mendes

Downloads: 1
Views: 101


ABSTRACT: A wide range of materials for the development of new products can be obtained from natural resources. Good examples of these materials are lignocellulosic wastes, which are a good alternative for the production of particleboards. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using cotton wastes in association to eucalyptus particles in the production of particleboards. Cotton waste proportions used were 0, 10, 20 and 30%. Urea formaldehyde (UF) adhesive was applied at 12%, based on dry the weight of particles. Physical and mechanical tests were performed in order to evaluate panels. Water Absorption (2 and 24 h) and Internal Bond (IB) showed not significant effect with increased percentage of cotton waste. Thickness Swelling (2 and 24 h) of particleboards increased with increased percentage of waste material. The Modulus of Elasticity for cotton waste particleboards ranged from 726.47 ± 99.98 to 205.12 ± 66.24 MPa, while the Modulus of Rupture ranged from 8.63 ± 1.39 to 3.87 ± 0.75 MPa. According to results, cotton wastes could be added to particleboards up to the percentage of 9%, being indicated for the manufacture of some types of furniture such as doors and sides.


lignocellulosic waste, cotton culture, reuse, biomass


American Society for Testing and Materials – ASTM. ASTM-D1037. Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials . Rio de Janeiro: ABNT; 2006.

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas – ABNT. ABNT - NBR 11941: Wood – Determination of basic density. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT; 2003a.

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas – ABNT. ABNT - NBR 13999: Paper, board, pulp and wood – Determination of residue (ash) on ignition at 525 °C. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT; 2003b.

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas – ABNT. ABNT - NBR 14853: Determination of soluble matter in ethanol-toluene and in dichloromethane and in acetone. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT; 2010a.

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas – ABNT. ABNT - NBR 7989: Pulp and wood - Determination of acid-insoluble lignin. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT; 2010b.

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas – ABNT. ABNT - NBR 14810: Medium density particleboards Part 2: Requirements and test methods . Rio de Janeiro: ABNT; 2013.

Caldeira MVW, Blum H, Balbinot R, Lombardi KC. Use of cotton residue in substrate on production of forest seedlings. Revista Acadêmica Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais 2008; 6(1): 191-202.

Carvalho AG, Mori FA, Mendes RF, Zanuncio AJV, Silva MG, Mendes LM et al. Use of tannin adhesive from Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville in the production of OSB panels. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 2014; 72(4): 425-432. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-014-0797-5.

César AAS, Bufalino L, Mendes LM, Mesquita RGA, Protásio TP, Mendes RF et al. Transforming rice husk into a high-added value product: potential for particleboard production. Ciência Florestal 2017; 27(1): 303-313.

Commercial Standard – CS. CS 236-66: mat formed wood particleboard . Geneva: CS; 1968.

Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento – CONAB. National Supply Company Bulletin [online]. 2016 [cited 2016 Dec 21]. Available from: www.conab.gov.br

Deutsches Institut für Normung – DIN. DIN 52362: Testing of wood chipboards bending test, determination of bending strength. Germany: Deutsches Institut für Normung, 1982. Normen fur Holzfaserplaten Spanplatten Sperrholz.

Dukarska D, Czarnecki R, Dziurka D, Mirski R. Construction particleboards made from rapeseed straw glued with hybrid pMDI/PF resin. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 2017; 75(2): 175-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-016-1143-x.

Farrapo CL, Mendes RF, Guimarães JB Jr, Mendes LM. Utilization of Pterocarpus violaceus wood in the particleboard production. Scientia Forestalis 2014; 42(103): 329-335.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – FAO. FAOSTAT [online]. Rome: FAO; 2015 [cited 2016 Dec 21]. Available from: http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/Q/QC/E

Goulart SL, Mori FA, Almeida NF, Mendes RF, Mendes LM. Shear strength of plywood produced with tannin adhesive of Stryphnodendron adstringens (barbatiman). Floresta e Ambiente 2012; 19(3): 308-315. http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/floram.2012.036.

Guimarães JB Jr, Mendes LM, Mendes RF, Mori FA. Wood particleboards made from residues obtained in the veneer production of eucalypt species and provenances. Cerne 2011; 17(4): 443-452.

Guimarães JB Jr, Xavier MM, Santos TS, Protásio TP, Mendes RF, Mendes LM. Addition of sorghum culture waste in eucalyptus particleboards. Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira 2016; 36(88): 435-442.

Guler C, Buyuksari U. Effect of production parameters on the physical and mechanical properties of particleboards made from peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) husk. BioResources 2011; 6(4): 5027-5036.

Guler C, Ozen R. Some properties of particleboards made from cotton stalks (Gossypium hirsitum L.). Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 2004; 62(1): 40-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-003-0439-9.

Hardell HL, Nilvebrant NO. A rapid method to discrimination between free and esterified fatty acids by pyrolytic methylati on using tetramethyl ammonium acetate or hydroxide. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 1999; 52(1): 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-2370(99)00035-2.

Iwakiri S. Painéis de madeira reconstituída. Curitiba: FUPEF; 2005.

Maloney TM. Modern particleboard and dry-process fiberboard manufacturing . 2. ed. São Francisco: Miller Freeman; 1993.

Melo RR, Santini EJ, Haselein CR, Martins Stangerlin D. Properties of wood and rice husk particleboard in different proportions. Ciência Florestal 2009; 19(4): 449-460.

Mendes RF, Mendes LM, Guimarães JB Jr, Mori FA, César AAS. Effect of the incorporation of coffee husks on the physico-mechanical properties of Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. Blake particleboards. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2010; 34(3): 610-617. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542010000300012.

Mendes RF, Mendes LM, Guimarães Júnior JB, Santos RC, César AAS. Association effect of sugar cane bagasse, type and levels of adhesive on particleboard production. Ciência Florestal 2012; 22(1): 187-196.

Mendes RF, Mendes LM, Mendonça LL, Guimarães JB Jr, Mori FA. Quality of homogeneous particleboard produced with Eucalyptus urophylla clone wood. Cerne 2014; 20(2): 329-336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/01047760.201420021273.

Roffael E, Behn C. On the influence of binder content in particleboards bonded with resins of high and low molar ratio on the formaldehyde release measured by the perforator method. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 2012; 70(6): 819-822. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-012-0622-y.

Scatolino MV, Costa AO, Guimarães JB Jr, Protásio TP, Mendes RF, Mendes LM. Eucalyptus wood and coffee parchment for particleboard production: physical and mechanical properties. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2017; 41(2): 139-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-70542017412038616.

Scatolino MV, Protásio TP, Mendes RF, Mendes LM. Thermal stability of Pinus oocarpa and maize cob particleboards. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2015; 39(4): 348-354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542015000400005.

Scatolino MV, Silva DW, Mendes RF, Mendes LM. Use of maize cob for producption of particleboard. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2013; 37(4): 330-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542013000400006.

Sekaluvu L, Tumutegyereize P, Kiggundu N. Investigation of factors affecting the production and properties of maize cob-particleboards. Waste and Biomass Valorization 2014; 5(1): 27-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12649-013-9228-9.

Sharma-Shivappa RR, Chen Y. Conversion of cotton wastes to bioenergy and value-added products. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 2008; 51(6): 2239-2246.

Silva DW, Farrapo CL, Ribeiro DP, Mendes RF, Mendes LM, Scolforo JRS. MDP with particles of eucalyptus and corn straw. Scientia Forestalis 2015; 43(108): 853-862.

Silva DW, Scatolino MV, Prado NRT, Mendes RF, Mendes LM. Addition of different proportions of castor husk and pine wood in particleboards. Waste and Biomass Valorization 2016; 74: 1-7.

Silva R, Haraguchi SK, Muniz EC, Rubira AF. Applications of lignocellulosic fibers in poymer chemistry and in composites. Quimica Nova 2009; 32(3): 661-671. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422009000300010.

Wanassi B, Azzouz B, Hassen MB. Value-added waste cotton yarn: optimization of recycling process and spinning of reclaimed fibers. Industrial Crops and Products 2016; 87: 27-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.04.020.

Yeniocak M, Göktaş O, Erdil YZ, Ozen E. Investigating the use of vine pruning stalks (Vitis Vinifera L. CV. Sultani) as raw material for particleboard manufacturing. Wood Research 2014; 59(1): 167-176.

5ca39e960e8825a7654fa92c floram Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections