Floresta e Ambiente
http://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087.023916
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Forest Management

Operational Performance of the Selective Cutting of Trees With Chainsaw

Fidel Cándano Acosta; David Christian de Oliveira; Cleide Arruda; Marcos Leandro Garcia; Rafael Rodolfo de Melo

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The objective was to obtain a statistical model to estimate the operational performance of cutting trees with a chainsaw in the natural tropical forest north of Mato Grosso state. One-hundred-and-fifty-one operational cycles of selective logging for commercial purposes were registered. In each cycle, the effective time for cutting, the diameter of the trees, commercial height, the number of logs per tree, and the distance between trees was determined. A step-by-step regression analysis was performed to obtain the coefficients of the models and statistical parameters. The result of the analysis concluded that the most accurate model to estimate the operational performance is the one that transforms the diameter variable at breast height (DBH) squared and also includes the variables number of logs per tree and distance between logged trees.

Keywords

forest management, forestry operations

References

Barnes RM. Motion and time study: design and measurement ok work. 6th ed. New York: John Willey & Sons; 1968. 799 p.

Batista HL. Estudo de tempo e rendimento da motosserra considerando fatores ergonômicos numa exploração florestal na Amazônia Central [dissertação]. Manaus: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia; 2008.

Behjou K, Majnounian B, Dvořák J, Namiranian M, Saeed A, Feghhi J. Productivity and cost of manual felling with a chainsaw in Caspian forests. Journal of Forest Science 2009; 55(2): 96-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.17221/69/2008-JFS.

Borz SA, Duţă I. New software for timber harvesting, logging and landing site processing cost estimation. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov 2012; 5(54): 25-30.

Brasil. Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente – CONAMA. Resolução nº 406, de 2 de fevereiro de 2009. Parâmetros técnicos na elaboração, apresentação, avaliação técnica e execução de Plano de Manejo Florestal Sustentável- PMFS, nas florestas nativas no bioma Amazônia . Diário Oficial da República Federativa do Brasil, Brasília, DF (2009 fev.); 1-4.

Cándano Acosta F, Cuevas A, Leite AM, Machado CC, Oliveira RJ. Evaluación de los efectos de la rotación en operadores de motosierras. Revista Árvore 2004; 28(3): 367-372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622004000300007.

Cándano Acosta F, Leite AMP, Martínez Cantón JL. Optimización de los costos del sistema de aprovechamiento de madera en bosques naturales de Pinus carbaea. Revista Ceres 2012; 18(1): 33-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-77602012000100005.

Chad Bolding MS, Kellogg LD, Davis CT. Productivity and costs of an integrated mechanical forest fuel reduction operation in southwest Oregon. Forest Products Journal 2009; 59(3): 35-46.

Food and Agriculture Organization – FAO. Reduced impact logging in tropical forests: literature synthesis, analysis and prototype statistical framework . Rome: FAO; 2004. 287 p.

Ghaffariyan MR, Shobani H. Cost production study of motor-manually felling and processing of logs. Forest Science 2007; 3: 69-76.

Hendrison J. Damage-controlled logging in a managed tropical rain forest in suriname . The Netherlands: Wageningen Agricultural University; 1990. (Ecology and Management of Tropical Rain Forest in Suriname; no. 4).

Holmes TP, Blate GM, Zweede JC, Pereira R Jr, Barreto P, Boltz F et al. Financial and ecological indicators of reduced impact logging performance in the eastern Amazon. Forest Ecology and Management 2002; 163(1-3): 93-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00530-8.

Leite ES, Fernandes HC, Guedes IL, Amaral EJ. Análise técnica e de custos do corte florestal semimecanizado em povoamentos de eucalipto em diferentes espaçamentos. Revista Ceres 2014; 20(4): 637-643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/01047760201420041340.

Magagnotti N, Kanzian C, Schulmeyer F, Spinelli R. A new guide for work studies in forestry. International Journal of Forest Engineering 2013; 24(3): 249-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14942119.2013.856613.

Mato Grosso. Secretaria de Estado do Meio Ambiente – SEMA. Decreto nº 1.862, de 24 de março de 2009. Procedimentos de elaboração, análise e acompanhamento dos Planos de Manejo Florestal Sustentável no Estado de Mato Grosso . Diário Oficial do Estado do Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT (2009 mar.).

Mato Grosso. Secretaria de Estado do Meio Ambiente – SEMA. Instrução Normativa SEMA nº 5 de 2 de julho de 2014. Estabelece roteiros específicos para Plano de Manejo Florestal Sustentável-PMFS Madeireiro. Diário Oficial do Estado do Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT (2014 jul.).

Minetti LJ, Oliveira RF Fo, Pinto LA, Souza AP, Fiedler NC. Análise técnica e econômica do corte florestal planejado de floresta tropical úmida de terra-firme na Amazônia ocidental. Revista Árvore 2000; 24(4): 429-435.

Pereira D, Fiedler NC, Guimarães P, Môra R, Ramos Bolzan HM, Barbosa Plaster O. Avaliação da qualidade do corte florestal com motosserra. Revista Ceres 2012; 18(2): 197-203.

Popovici R. Estimating chainsaw operating costs based on fuel, lubricants and spare parts. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov 2013; 6(1): 64-68.

Serviço Florestal Brasileiro – SFB. Sistema Nacional de Informações Florestais [online]. Brasília: SFB; 2016. [cited 2017 Mar 30]. Available from: http://www.florestal.gov.br/snif/recursos-florestais

Wang J, Long C, McNeel J, Baumgras J. Productivity and cost of manual felling and cable skidding in Central Appalachian hardwood forests. Forest Products Journal 2004; 54(12): 45-51.

Winkler N. Aprovechamiento forestal compatible con el medio ambiente: ensayo sobre la aplicación del Código Modelo de la FAO en la Amazona Brasileña . Rome: FAO; 1997. 84 p. (Estudio Monográfico; no. 8).
 

5b3674880e88250575eaa58c floram Articles
Links & Downloads

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections