Floresta e Ambiente
http://floram.org/article/doi/10.1590/2179-8087.022415
Floresta e Ambiente
Original Article Conservation of Nature

Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in an Amazon Environment after Mining

Ana Lucy Caproni; Jose Rodolfo Dantas de Oliveira Granha; Ademir Junior Fornaciari; Camila Pinheiro Nobre; Leticia Pastore Mendonça; Ricardo Luiz Louro Berbara

Downloads: 1
Views: 139

Abstract

ABSTRACT: At the Brazilian Amazon forest, studies were carried out to estimate the community of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), from this it was used a bioassay of dilutions of samples collected from preserved and regenerated areas after bauxite extraction. To regenerate areas, tree species were introduced and samples were taken after 2, 6, 12, and 16 years, the spores obtained were compared to those obtained by direct extraction and the number of species recovered from the bioassay was significantly higher. Therefore, the species founded after different periods regeneration was similar to the ones from the native forest. Since the early years of revegetation, the number of rare species was high with strong dominance of G. macrocarpum. Among older communities this high dominance decreased while at the same time, there was an increase in the number of individuals from other AMF species, concluding that the number of species did not change with the age of the revegetation.

Keywords

glomeromycota, diversity, bioassay

References

Błaszkowski J. Glomeromycota. Kraków: W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences; 2012.

Brundrett MC, Abbott LK, Jasper DA. Glomalean mycorrhizal fungi from tropical Australia. I. Comparison of the effectiveness and specificity of different isolation procedures. Mycorrhiza 1999; 8(6): 305-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s005720050251.

Brundrett MC. Mycorrhizal associations and other means of nutrition of vascular plants: understanding the global diversity of host plants by resolving conflicting information and developing reliable means of diagnosis. Plant and Soil 2009; 320(1-2): 37-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9877-9.

Caproni AL, Franco AA, Berbara RL, Trufem SB, Granha JR, Monteiro AB. Ocorrência de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em áreas reflorestadas remanescentes da mineração de bauxita em Porto Trombetas, PA. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 2003; 38(12): 1409-1418.

Daniels BA, Skipper HD. Methods for the recovery and quantitative estimation of propagules from soil. In: Schenck NC, editor. Methods and principles of mycorrhizal research . St. Louis: American Phytopatological Society; 1982. p. 29-35.

Gerdemann JW, Nicolson TH. Spores of mycorrhizal endogone species extracted from soil by wet-sieving and decanting. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 1963; 46(2): 235-244. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536(63)80079-0.

Goto BT, Silva GA, Assis DMA, Silva DKA, Souza RG, Ferreira ACA et al. Intraornatosporaceae (Gigasporales), a new family with two new genera and two new species. Mycotaxon 2012; 119(1): 117-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.5248/119.117.

Hendrix W, Guo BZ, An Z-Q. Divergence of mycorrhizal fungal comunities in crop production systems. Plant and Soil 1995; 170(1): 131-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02183061.

Husband R, Herre EA, Young JP. Temporal variation in the arbuscular mycorrhizal communities colonizing seedling in a tropical forest. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 2002; 42(1): 131-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2002.tb01002.x. PMid:19709272.

International Culture Collection of (Vesicular) Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi – INVAM. International culture collection of arbuscular and VA Mycorrhizal Fungi [online]. Morgantown: West Virginia University; 2000. [cited 2000 July 05]. Available from: http://invam.wvu.edu

Jasper DA, Abbott LK, Robson AD. The effect of soil disturbance on vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, in soils from different vegetation types. The New Phytologist 1991; 118(3): 471-476. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1991.tb00029.x.

Landis FC, Gargas A, Givnish TJ. Relationships among arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, vascular plants and environmental conditions in Oak Savannas. The New Phytologist 2004; 164(3): 493-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01202.x.

Melloni R, Siqueira JO, Moreira FMS. Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em solos de área de mineração de bauxita em reabilitação. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 2003; 38(2): 267-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2003000200014.

Mergulhão ACES, Burity HA, Goto BT, Maia LC. Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a gypsum mining impacted semiarid area. Acta Botanica Brasílica 2010; 24(4): 1052-1061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062010000400020.

Oehl F, Sieverding E, Palenzuela J, Ineichen K, Alves da Silva G. Advances in Glomeromycota taxonomy and classification. IMA Fungus 2011; 2(2): 191-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.5598/imafungus.2011.02.02.10. PMid:22679604.

Schenck NC, Perez Y. A manual of identification of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. 2nd ed. Florida: University of Florida; 1988. 241 p.

Sieverding E, Friedrichsen J, Suden W. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza management in tropical agrosystems. Eschborn: Sonderpublikation der GTZ; 1991.

Simpson D, Daft MJ. Spore production and mycorrhizal development in various tropical crop host infected with Glomus clarum. Plant and Soil 1990; 121(2): 171-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00012309.

Smith SE, Read DJ. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. 3rd ed. London: Academic Press; 2008.

Sousa CS, Menezes RSC, Sampaio EVSB, Lima FS, Maia LC, Oehl F. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in successional stages of Caatinga in the semi-arid region of Brazil. Ciência Florestal 2014; 24(1): 137-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509813331.

Tommerup IC. Methods for the study of the population biology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. In: Norris JR, Read DJ, Varma AK, editors. Techniques for the study of mycorrhiza . London: Academic Press; 1994. p. 483-512. (Methods in Microbiology; no. 24).

Turrini A, Sbrana C, Strani P, Pezzarossa B, Risaliti R, Giovannetti M. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of a Mediterranean island (Pianosa), whitin a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. Biology and Fertility of Soils 2010; 46(5): 511-520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00374-010-0446-z.

van der Heijden MGA, Bardgett RD, van Straalen NM. The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 2008; 11(3): 296-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01139.x. PMid:18047587.

van der Heijden MGA, Martin FM, Selosse M-A, Sanders IA. Mycorrhizal ecology and evolution: the past, the present, and the future. The New Phytologist 2015; 205(4): 1406-1423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.13288. PMid:25639293.

Zangaro W, Bononi VLR, Trufen SFB. Mycorrhizal dependency, inoculum potential and habitat preference of native woody species in south Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2000; 16(4): 603-622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467400001607.
 

5b48968a0e88256f357c7587 floram Articles
Links & Downloads

FLORAM

Share this page
Page Sections